At the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, there is a scale model of ancient Jerusalem from the time of the Second Temple (516 B.C.E.-70 C.E.). With extreme attention to detail, the model shows, at one-fiftieth the actual size, what this prosperous and magnificent city of 70,000 people looked like when the Second Temple stood. In the model, 1/4 inch is equivalent to one foot of the real city. The model was made using the same materials that were used in the times of the original construction, such as marble, stone, wood, copper and iron. The model was completed in 1969, but it is continuously updated based on the latest archaeological findings. In 1003 B.C.E., King David made Jerusalem the capital of his kingdom. The First Temple was built about 40 years later by his son, Solomon, who turned Jerusalem into the prosperous capital of his empire.